An explanation of website hosting
As its name suggests, web hosting is a solution, which entails hosting online content. There are different forms and types of hosting, based on the mission and on the usage. However, they all are related to hosting files, which, once hosted, are made available throughout the Internet. A web host is in fact a hosting server that is linked to the Web and has its own IP address, which allows people to get access to it via the World Wide Web. The web hosting server's configuration and its limitations are subject to the type of hosting service it will be utilized for.
What are the various forms of hosting?
Depending on the function, the hosting service may be:
File Storage Web Hosting - this form of hosting allows the clients to lodge their files on a specific web hosting server. With the ordinary file storage hosting service, the files that are hosted may only be accessed by the user that's availing of the service. This hosting service normally refers to backups of computers , docs, personal files and even other web hosting servers. This service may also contain given limits when it comes to the web storage space and the root-level access. There may also be bandwidth limits, but that is dependent on the particular hosting provider.
Warez Web Hosting - the so-called warez web hosting solution is very similar to the previous web hosting service type. Nonetheless, unlike the file storage hosting service, the warez hosting service is used for transmitting copyrighted content without the sanction of the patent proprietor. To cut a long story short - it is associated with the illicit distribution of files and materials. There are multiple approaches for this to be fulfilled, but the two principal approaches are - via simple HTTP downloading and through peer-to-peer connections. The first way involves either some website, or, most often, just a directory on a web hosting server that's been made available for everyone to access it and thereby download copyrighted materials free of charge. The second method entails a P2P connection, utilizing the so-called Torrent servers, through which users transmit files between each other. There aren't many webspace hosting corporations that permit such form of hosting on their web hosting servers, mainly due to all the legal complications that it involves. Commonly such sites are hosted on private dedicated servers that are registered by third-party firms either in the Middle East or in Asia.
Email Web Hosting - this service is relevant with both shared web space hosting and dedicated web hosting servers, depending on the customer's desire. If you wish to create your very own private SMTP email server, then you will require either a Virtual Private Server or a dedicated hosting server that offers the access level required to accomplish such an assignment. For typical e-mail hosting purposes, however, you can utilize a conventional shared web space hosting account, to which you can point the MX records of your domain name. This is not a service that's widely popular, since the web site hosting and the e-mail hosting services are being served by two separate servers, often belonging to separate firms.
Web Site Hosting - the most widespread and universally utilized hosting service as of now. It's utilized for hosting site files, whose kind is determined by the OS the web hosting server is running - Linux or Windows. Different sorts of files request specific hosting server Operating Systems, or else they won't be exhibited appropriately on the Web. This kind of hosting may contain data space and web traffic quota limitations, root access and central processing unit usage limits.
Based on the mission and on the usage, the customer should choose the type of server that he needs for his project, and, of course, the web space hosting firm that's going to furnish it. There are different types of web hosting servers, based on the specifications and the website hosting solutions that they offer. These are:
Shared Web Hosting Server - a shared web space hosting server supplies a smaller quantity of system resources, which, of course, is manifested in the price of the service. It can be used for hosting small scale and medium web pages, which do not demand immense amounts of server storage space and web traffic.
Semi-Dedicated Servers Hosting - they operate on the same principle as the shared web site hosting servers. Nonetheless, there are much fewer clients accommodated on the same hosting server. Therefore, each of them will receive a larger quota of the web hosting server's resources like RAM, web storage space, bandwidth and CPU. Ideal for hosting immense sites that do not require complete server root access.
Virtual Private Server - the virtual web servers are excellent for medium web pages, which do need root-level access to the web server's configuration files. Commonly, there are several private virtual web server accounts accommodated on the same server. Nonetheless, each of them is isolated from the rest and has its own OS.
Dedicated Server - a completely dedicated physical server configured and accessed by you and solely you. It ensures a tremendous quantity of system resources. It also includes complete server root access, which renders it an excellent platform for any kind of online portal that requires a web space hosting service.
The only question that remains is:
Which web hosting company should I select?
As mentioned, there are very few hosts providing warez hosting services because of judicial complications. Such hosting providers are being shut down virtually every month. Therefore, if you would like to start such a service, you should do it on your own computer. The shared web page hosting solution is the most famous type of web hosting service. Therefore, each web space hosting distributor provides it. Not all of them, however, offer solutions such as VPS servers, semi-dedicated servers and dedicated hosting servers. Most of the small sized web hosting firms do not have the means required for offering those solutions. That is the reason why it's always best to settle on a larger host that can furnish its customers with all the services that they are looking for. You can quickly ID such web hosting companies by the kinds of solutions that they are providing and by the manner in which they introduce them to the customers. For instance, certain hosts permit you to commence with a small sized web space hosting package and then move to a more powerful one, if you find it obligatory to do so. This is extremely convenient, because you do not need to transfer sites between web servers and there is no possibility of experiencing service outages due to all the complications that may crop up. Web hosting providers like Free Hostia offer all sorts of solutions and have the necessary server resources and staff to guarantee that their clients will not stumble upon any complications when changing services, which is what a top hosting provider is actually all about.